The amazing story behind Surah Al-Kauthar is one that foretold the Abundance [Kauthar] gifted by Allah سبحانه تعالی to the Prophet صَلى أللهُ عَلَيهِ و سَلًّم .
Ibn ‘Abbas: “This Surah was revealed about al-’As ibn Wa’il.”
He met the Messenger of Allah صَلى أللهُ عَلَيهِ و سَلًّم as he was entering the Sacred Mosque while the Prophet was coming out of it.
They met at the gate of Banu Sahm and started talking to each other while the chiefs of Quraysh were sitting in the mosque.
When al-’As entered the mosque, they asked him: ‘Who were you talking to?‘
He said: ‘I was talking to that man without posterity‘, meaning the Messenger of Allah صَلى أللهُ عَلَيهِ و سَلًّم .
The Prophet صَلى أللهُ عَلَيهِ و سَلًّم had lost ‘Abd Allah, his son from Khadijah, and so Allah, exalted is He, revealed this Surah”.
Yazid ibn Ruman said: “Whenever the Messenger of Allah صَلى أللهُ عَلَيهِ و سَلًّم was mentioned, al-’As ibn Wa’il al-Sahmi used to say: ‘Leave him be, he is just a man without posterity; he has no offspring: If he were to die, no one would mention him again and you will be rid of him‘.
And so Allah, exalted is He, revealed: Lo! We have given thee Abundance… to the end of the Surah”.
‘Ata’ reported that Ibn ‘Abbas said: “Al-’As ibn Wa’il used to pass by the Prophet صَلى أللهُ عَلَيهِ و سَلًّم and say: ‘Indeed I am insulting you, and truly you are without posterity, without no male offspring to survive you‘.
And so Allah, exalted is He, revealed Lo! it is thy insulter (i.e. al-’As) who is without posterity insofar as the good of this world and of the life to come are concerned”. *
Ahmad ibn Hanbal recorded from Anas bin Malik that a man said, “O Messenger of Allah! What is Al-Kawthar?” He replied, “It is a river in Paradise which my Lord has given me. It is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey.” *
Halaqah Tafsir – Al-Kauthar 1-3
Dar-us-Salaam – October 16th, 2011.
Length: < 21 Minutes
Stream or download the audio.